What if photography were treated like academic research? It’s a logical question for a academic researcher with a passion for photography to ask. As a scientist, one might be driven by the challenge of discovery and a desire to understand the world. It’s also why many people climb, travel, write and do photography. Pondering the notion of free science, intellectual property and copyrights begs the question:
"What if research were constrained in the same way that copyrights protect photos?"
In general, I am of the opinion that if the modern research process were treated in a similar way that modern photography is, we’d still be riding horses and crossing the Atlantic in sail boats.
Some might say that photographs are just collections of data points. Are they really so different from the graphs of data points found in academic journals like Science and Nature? The scientist knows that although they’ve discovered something, it’s only useful if turned into a technology for people to use. I know that unless I use the photos that I create, they will serve no purpose and will be lost to obscurity.
Here’s the basics, research institutions employ people like scientists. Money comes from governments or industry and is assigned based on project proposals, grant applications, etc. So maybe I get $80,000 to run a research project to develop active-wing technologies and then publish my results in a peer-reviewed journal, or patent the new design or process and translate these new ideas into technologies which benefit society. Articles in journals might include anywhere from 10-100 references, so you see the road-map of how discoveries were brought about.
There exists an ideal, that every small advancement in science brings the collective of society closer to the stage of enlightenment where we understand the universe on the same level as the gods. Ah, ok, that’s a bit much – the point is that we’re always moving forward, and that science should belong to and be freely used by everyone in society. So when Einstein discovers and proposes the Theory of Relativity, it can be used by scientists in the US, Germany, Japan, Korea, China, Brazil, wherever – to develop technologies which give society more freedom.
So in general, a scientific discovery belongs to the people. Old discoveries are used to feed the creative process and bring about new discoveries. A photograph belongs to the photographer. The content is copyrighted and can (in theory) only be used by the originator. Everyone else in society must start from zero.
Like with photography, there’s literally millions of ideas sitting around in journal articles, many uncredited, never used, obscure to society. There’s even more photos and images on hard drives, in shoe-boxes, laying somewhere no one remembers – being useless.
Are the photos created just to exist, or to be used? How is defining and basing my work off of Einstein’s that much different from using an image from another photographer to create a new work? Forget the laws and complications we’ve made for society. Very few ideas are new, in general, everything is based off of something else. Even Picasso based his work on off of other artists. Who was the originator of Cubism? How has society benefited?
I produce the images for this website because that’s how I want to use them. I don’t want other people profiting from my images, but its pointless to horde images on a hard drive and waste energy worrying that someone is stealing them. If one of my images inspires a viewer to advance and challenge their own ambitions, I think that’s a good thing. If a photo is taken and used to in a Pepsi ad without my approval, that would piss me off. If Pepsi initiates an ad campaign based off of my photos, but redo it all in a new photo shoot – I’m generally ok with that. I wouldn’t see it as loosing money, because I’m not in the business of photography, I’m in the hobby of it.
"Ahh but it’s my vision, it’s my work it’s part of my soul. Curse the bastard who uses my photo or copies my photo flare!"
Copyrights for songs belong to artists and musicians, and corporations, but Michael Stipe openly tells fans that there are songs from REM that belong to them now – because it’s the fans who are actually using them, who make the music live.
The craziness of copyright protection is often fueled by wannabe lawyers on photo forums, or posts on The Online Photographer. Horror stories of photos used without permission, and the dream of big-money settlements – but largely is manifested as wasted emotions.
What if photographs were allowed to evolve like technologies do? Imagine a world where art and science were equally free for those in society to use for our collective artistic advancement.
Imagine the explosion of creativity we could unleash on the world if we removed the constraints we’ve placed upon the creative process.